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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • We accept manuscripts that fall within the scope of economics science, including all branches and schools of economics.
  • Applicants must be in the process of completing a college, undergraduate or graduate degree at the time of submission. Young professionals with less than 5 years of work experience are also eligible. We typically do not accept manuscripts from established economists and faculty members; however, you are welcomed to email us at [email protected] to make an inquiry.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor). This requirement does not apply to the GAEE Member-exclusive Special Issue, which allows solicitation from previous publications in our chapter network.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

  • The manuscript should be prepared in English using “MS Word” with 1 inch margin on all sides (Top, Bottom, Left and Right) of the page. “Times New Roman” font should be used. The font size should be of 12pt, but the main title heading should be of 14pt. All articles should be typed with 1.5 spacing and should have the following sections: Title page, Abstract, Key words, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgment (if any) and References.
  • Title Page should be in a clear, descriptive and concise manner, which should then be followed by the author name, the institution name and address by indicating suitable superscripts. The full title of the paper should be without abbreviations. The title should be as brief and informative as possible, specifying clearly the content of the article.

    • List the full names, institutional address and email address of all the authors indicating the corresponding author in asterisk mark (*).
    • Corresponding author contact information (address, telephone, e-mail).
    • Paper Title: First letter capital. 14 point type, Bold
    • Author(s): First letter capital, 12 point type, Bold
    • Affiliation(s): Word case, 10 point type

  • Abstract should be after the title page and should be typed in single-space to distinguish it from the Introduction and it should not exceed 150 words. Abstract should clearly presents objectives, methods, results and conclusion.
  • Introduction should be a concise statement of the background to the work presented, including relevant earlier work, suitably referenced. It should be started in a separate page after abstract.
  • All important materials and equipment’s, the manufacturer’s name and, if possible, the location should be provided. The main methods used shall be briefly described, citing references. New methods or substantially modified methods may be described in sufficient detail. The statistical method and the level of significance chosen shall be clearly stated.
  • The important results of the work should be clearly stated and illustrated, where necessary, by tables and figures. Results and discussion may be separate or combined based on the author’s requirement. The statistical treatment of data and significance level of the factors should be stated wherever necessary. The interpreted results should be explained clearly in discussions and should relate them to the existing knowledge in the field as clearly as possible. Tables, Graphs and figures (Illustrations) should be inserted at the end of the manuscript and should have appropriate numbers and titles with an explanatory heading. Must cite all the tables, figures, and graphs in the text wherever appropriate. Color photographs and illustrations (line drawings, halftones, photos, photomicrographs etc) must be clean originals. Those photographs must be clear and sharp. Digital files are recommended for highest quality reproduction and should follow the following guidelines.

    • 300dpi or higher sized to fit journal page
    • JPEG, GIF, TIFF and PDF formats are preferred. Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading.

  • In the conclusion part, please concisely summarizes the principal conclusions of the work and highlights the wider implications. This section should not merely duplicate the abstract.
  • Authors must declare all relevant interests that could be perceived as conflicting. Authors should explain why each interest may represent a conflict. If no conflicts exist, the authors should state this. Submitting authors are responsible for co-authors declaring their interests.
  • Acknowledgements as well as information regarding funding sources may be provided.
  • We recommend APA (American Psychological Association) style of reference is the major style guide for the basis of our style of references uses in-text and End-of-text.

    You may elect to use other citation styles, but please stick to only one to ensure consistency. Please indicate in the manuscript or via email which style you are using.

  • In-Text Citations
    Citations in the text should follow the referencing style. Throughout the text of your paper you need to acknowledge the sources used in your writing. Whenever you present a statement of evidence such as a quote, or when you use someone else’s ideas, opinions or theories in your own words (paraphrasing), you must acknowledge your sources. Some examples of how to cite sources within your paper are given below.

    • Single Author
    Author’s Last name (Year)….”paraphrase”
    Paraphrase (Author’s Last name, Year)

    Example: Smith (2017) shares in his study that fruit flies prefer citrus fruits
    Fruit flies prefer citrus fruits (Smith, 2017)

    • Two authors
    Use “and” between authors

    Example 1: (Walker and Allen, 2004)

    Example 2: According to a study done by Kent and Giles (2017)

    • Three or more authors
    (Germann et al., 2015)

    • With an Anonymous author
    (Anonymous, 2016)

    • One author, multiple works published in the same year
    If the year of publication is the same for both add ‘a’ and ‘b’ after the year.
    (Rush, 2015a, 2015b).

    • Two or more references in in-text citation
    If you need to cite two or more references in an in-text citation
    (Allen, 2004; Smith, 1999; Tsvetkova, 2018)

    • End-of-text
    A reference list includes details of the sources cited in your paper. It starts on a separate page at the end of the paper and is titled References. The reference list should sort in alphabetical order.

    • Examples of Reference Style

    Reference to a journal publication:

    Single Author
    Geman, F. (2015). The chief marketing officer atters. Journal of Marketing, 79(3), 1–22.

    Two Authors
    Horowitz, L.M., and Post, D.L. (1981). The prototype as a construct in abnormal psychology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 90(6), 575-585

    Three or more authors
    Use “and” before the final author.

    Germann, F., Ebbes, P., and Grewal, R. (2015). The chief marketing officer atters. Journal of Marketing, 79(3), 1–22.

    Journal article with DOI
    Cavenagh, N., and Ramadurai, R. (2017). On the distances between Latin squares
    and the smallest defining set size. Journal of Combinatorial Designs, 25(4), 147–158. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcd.21529

    For Books
    King, M. (2000). Wrestling with the angel: A life of Janet Frame. Auckland, New Zealand: Viking.

    Dancey, C.P., and Reidy, J. (2004). Statistics without maths for psychology: Using SPSS for Windows (3rd ed.). Harlow, England: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

    Book chapter in edited book
    Kestly, T. (2010). Group sandplay in elementary schools. In A.A. Drewes and C.E. Shaefer (Eds.), School-based play therapy (2nd ed., pp. 257-282). Hoboken, NJ: John Wileys & Sons.

    Conference paper online
    Bochner, S. (1996, November). Mentoring in higher education: Issues to be addressed in developing a mentoring program. Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education Conference, Singapore. Retrieved from http://www.aare.edu.au/96pap/bochs96018.txt

    New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. (n.d.). Agribusiness. Retrieved from https://www.nzte.govt.nz/en/export/market-research/agribusiness/

Research Articles

Detailed studies reporting new original research and are classified as primary literature.


Review articles provide critical and constructive analysis of existing published literature in a field. They’re usually structured to provide a summary of existing literature, analysis, and comparison. Often, they identify specific gaps or problems and provide recommendations for future research.

Unlike original research articles, review articles are considered as secondary literature. This means that they generally don’t present new data from the author’s experimental work, but instead provide analysis or interpretation of a body of primary research on a specific topic. Secondary literature is an important part of the academic ecosystem because it can help explain new or different positions and ideas about primary research, identify gaps in research around a topic, or spot important trends that one individual research article may not.

There are three main types of review article:

  1. Literature review – presents the current knowledge including substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic.

  2. Systematic review – identifies, appraises and synthesizes all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a specific research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit, systematic methods that are selected with a view aimed at minimizing bias, to produce more reliable findings to inform decision making.

  3. Meta-analysis – a quantitative, formal, epidemiological study design used to systematically assess the results of previous research to derive conclusions about that body of research. Typically, but not necessarily, a meta-analysis study is based on randomized, controlled clinical trials.

Registered Reports

A Registered Report consists of two different kinds of articles: a study protocol and an original research article.

This is because the review process for Registered Reports is divided into two stages. In Stage 1, reviewers assess study protocols before data is collected. In Stage 2, reviewers consider the full published study as an original research article, including results and interpretation.

Taking this approach, you can get an in-principle acceptance of your research article before you start collecting data.


Commentaries are short, narrowly focused articles of contemporary interest and usually take one of two forms:

  • The first form is a discussion of an article or trial that was recently published or that is soon to be published, and that is interesting enough to warrant further comment or explanation. This type of commentary discusses specific issues within a subject area rather than the whole field, explains the implications of the article and puts it in context. Opinions are welcome as long as they are factually based.
  • The second form is more editorial in nature and covers an aspect of an issue that is relevant to the journal's scope, for example discussion of the impact of new technology on research and treatment.


A Letter to or from the Editor is a brief report that is within the journal's scope and of particular interest to the community, but not suitable as a standard research article. Letters may be edited for clarity or length and may be subject to peer review at the Editors' discretion. 

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